Tuesday, February 20, 2018


Two o'clock
any afternoon
27 seventh graders
lost at least for the most part
in their books
And me
leaning against the door jamb
fake reading
the Chris Crutcher ARC
I scored last week at ALA
but really a million miles away
in hell's darkest circle

whether I could really keep
these dear ones


I imagine the front doors
Our building is locked all the time
no one enters
unless the secretaries
buzz them in
and the district put new locks
on the inside doors
about ten days ago
but those wooden doors
with the beautiful grain
that's been oiled
for almost one hundred years
would that old wood hold
if someone really wanted in

and what about the glass window
two foot by three foot
it makes me more than
a little claustrophobic
to think about solid doors
but now I worry
that we don't have them
wonder if I should
talk to my principal
or write to the school board
requesting something
without glass

I scan the classroom
it's almost a perfect square
there are no closets
or nooks
or supply cabinets
where anyone
could seek shelter

My eyes stop finally
on that one tiny corner
the only corner
that could work
as a hiding place
and I wonder whether
we could all fit
Should I bring back the teacher desk
we hauled out last September
could we use it as
as a barricade
if we had to?

I think about other options
the teacher whose husband
is buying her a rope ladder
and a mallet
so she could break out a window
and she and her students could
climb to safety
if she needed to
where could I get those things?
would it be safer to climb out the window?
what if the shooter saw us?
and then I think of
another teacher
who will send her students
into a supply cabinet
that only locks from the outside
then she will slide the key
under the door
and she will face down evil
but her students can be safe.
Would I be that brave?

Two o'clock
any afternoon
and my mind is far away…

Wednesday, February 14, 2018


Several years ago, Monica Brown visited our school. The visit came as a surprise-- I got a phone call asking if we would be interested in having a bilingual children's author read aloud to our second graders. Of course we would! And that's how I became acquainted with Monica Brown, author of MARISOL MCDONALD DOESN'T MATCH/MARISOL McDONALD NO COMBINA. Monica is the author of many books, including WAITING FOR BIBLIOBURRO, TITO PUENTO: MAMBO KING, and PELE: EL REY DE FÚTBOL. I will always remember her, though, for how kind and inspiring she was with our second graders. My school's population is about 65% English Language Learners, and Brown talked about her own childhood, and about going to college, and becoming a university professor and then a children's author. At the end, she signed a book for each child. It was a magical time.

Brown's most recent picture book biography, FRIDA KAHLO AND HER ANIMALITOS was nominated for this year's CYBILS. In an author's note, Monica Brown says, "I've always been intrigued by Frida's relationships to her animal companions. Although she didn't get her most famous pets until she was an adult, I chose to write about Frida's animalitos as a way of highlighting Frida's magical creativity-- her strength, her sense of adventure, her indomitable spirit- throughout her life. What insights do her beloved animals tell us about the young Frida? It was an hour to use lo real maravilloso (the marvelous real) to imagine just that."

Kahlo owned many pets, including monkeys, dogs, turkeys, an eagle, a black cat, and a fawn, and Monica Brown uses those pets to tell Kahlo's story.
Frida had a parrot named Bonito. Like her parrot, Frida was colorful. She liked to wear bold shades that celebrated indigenous Mexico and her own heritage. She lived in a house the color of a bright blue feather- La Casa Azul- where she grew up with her mom, dad, and sisters. 
Brown's use of animals makes a really complex artist much more accessible to young children. The book could also be a mentor text for students who are interested in biography.

And you can't really talk about a picture book without mentioning the illustrator. Maybe it's enough to say that earlier this week,  ANIMALITOS won a Pura Belpre Honor award for illustrations.

Saturday, February 10, 2018


This year, I am teaching a seventh grade study hall/reading block. It's the last 45 minutes of the day. The kids are supposed to read for about half of the time, then do homework the other half. We instituted the study hall because our middle schoolers just weren't reading enough. The seventh grade curriculum includes one novel each quarter, and then some supporting articles, handouts, etc. It wasn't enough. And so we implemented the reading block. 

To be really honest, it's been a little bit of a struggle. It's sad and embarrassing to me that I'm supposedly an expert in reading,  and even have a blog about books, and the kids at my school aren't really readers. If you asked, I suspect that more than half of our middle schoolers would tell you that reading is boring. It's been hard work to sell the reading block to the kids and to our administrators. 

But things are changing, at least a little. At the beginning of October, when I started teaching the class, the kids could read for about ten minutes.  Now we have worked our way up to 35 minutes and the kids, or most of them, anyway, look forward to the time, or at least don't hate it anyway. 

I think a lot of the kids' success has to do with picture books. You see, at the same time as I was teaching the class, I was also starting my stint as a Round 1 CYBILS nonfiction judge. Between October 15 and January 1, I read almost 100 new nonfiction books, 70 of those picture books. As I read, I brought the ones I thought my middle schoolers would find interesting into school. I propped them up in the front of the room and when a kid seemed to be getting restless, I would grab two or three picture books and silently place them on their desk. 

My nf picture book ten for ten, then, is picture books for big kids. It includes some of the books they enjoyed. 

Tuan Ho was six years old when he and his mother and sisters fled Vietnam in 1981. ADRIFT AT SEA by Marsha Forchuk Skrypuch tells the story of the family's perilous journey  in a leaky,  overcrowded raft with almost no food or drinking water.  The book ends with photographs and a "Where is he now?" Add this one to your immigration collection. 

ANIMALS BY THE NUMBERS: A BOOK OF ANIMAL INFOGRAPHICS is one of Colorado author and illustrator Steve Jenkins' newest books, and maybe, just hearing that it's by him is enough. I need you to know, however, that my students have spent hours poring over Jenkins' infographics, sharing them with each other, and following me around the room to talk about them. I really want students to know how to create infographics and I'm planning to use this as a mentor text. 

Duncan Tonatiuh is one of my new favorite authors/illustrators.  I especially love his unique illustration style, which draws is inspired by pre-Columbian art. DANZA is the story of Amalia Hernández, the creator of Mexico's famed  Ballet Folklórico. If you haven't seen Tonatiuh's, SEPARATE IS NEVER EQUAL, that's a must have as well!

Jason Chin's multi-layered GRAND CANYON is fascinating. The reader journeys with a child who hikes with her father from the bottom of the Grand Canyon to the rim. On each page, Chin uses multi-layered illustrations to weave in information about animals, plants, and geology of the Grand Canyon. One of those books you can read ten times and learn something new each time!

HER RIGHT FOOT is a poetic and artful look at the Statue of Liberty. This one prompted some great discussions about who really should be welcome in our country. Important at my school, where well over half of the kids are Mexican immigrants, but important for other kids as well.

People who have read my blog know I like a little science with my poetry. IF YOU WERE THE MOON consists of gorgeous metaphorical language (if you were the moon, you'd spin like a twilight ballerina), accompanied by a paragraph of factual information. I'd love to use this book in a study of interesting informational writing.  If you haven't read Salas' WATER CAN BE and A LEAF CAN BE be sure to check those out as well.

LESSER SPOTTED ANIMALS is one of those slightly quirky books that kids love. Listen to the first page.

"Fed up with the same old animals? Had enough of hippos? Bored with bears? Tired of tigers? Do you want animals that are fresh, new and exciting? Try LESSER SPOTTED ANIMALS, a book about the wonderful wow wildlife that we never get to see."

Each two-page spread includes a large, drawn picture of the animal, often with a cartoon bubble. There are two paragraphs of description, written in a comical voice that could definitely elevate kids' informative writing. There are tiny (1" X 1") boxes that contain additional informative drawings. I blogged in depth about the bookhere.  This one has also been released in Spanish!

Talk about a powerful voice! RED CLOUD: A LAKOTA STORY OF WAR AND SURRENDER by S.D. Nelson tells the story of a controversial Lakota Indian chief. Red Cloud opposed westward expansion and led the only band of Native Americans to defeat the U.S. Army, but  then made the controversial decision to move his people onto the reservation. A really quiet, but powerful voice!

Jonah Winter's RUTH BADER GINSBERG: THE CASE OF R.B.G. vs. INEQUALITY is a very unusual picture book biography. The many challenges in Ginsberg's life, beginning with her father, who didn't want her to go to college, her life as a student at Cornell University and then Yale Law School, and her nomination to the Supreme Court are presented as a court case. Another format that would be fun for kids to explore.

In THIS IS HOW WE DO IT, by Matt Lamothe, readers follow children from Italy, Japan, Iran, India, Peru, Uganda, and Russia as they journey throughout the course of a day. I thought my middle schoolers might think this was a little young, but they loved it.

So there are my ten nonfiction picture books. Of course you will want to head over to the PB10 for10 Community to check out other nonfiction posts! Thanks to Cathy Mere, Mandy Robek, and Julie Balen for pulling the community together.

Friday, February 9, 2018


This is one of my all time favorite weeks of the year!

It's our state's annual literacy conference, and for three glorious days, I'll spend time with "my people." Lots of terrific speakers- so far I have  attended by sessions by Stacy Shubitz,  Ralph Fletcher,  Jeff Anderson, Maggie Beattie Roberts,  Jeff Zwiers, and Rita Williams Garcia. My sessions today, include Meeno Rami, Dorothy Barnhouse, Vicki Vinton, and Ruta Sepetys. Tomorrow, Peter Johnston, Kylene Beers and Bob Probst.

And then there are all the encounters with dear friends from all over the state. And the exhibit hall. And browsing at the Boulder Book Store. And did I mention that ALA Midwinter is in Denver this year, so Saturday afternoon I'm headed downtown to the Exhibit Hall at the Convention Center! Definitely a dizzying week of thoughts and books and ideas.

In my literary frenzy, I came across this poem by Dylan Thomas. And it seems perfect for the week!

Notes on the Art of Poetry
by Dylan Thomas

I could have never dreamt that there were such goings-on
in the world between the covers of books,
such sandstorms and ice blasts of words,
such staggering peace, such enormous laughter,
such and so many blinding bright lights
splashing all over the pages
in a million bits and pieces
all of which were words, words, words,
and each of which were alive forever
in its own delight and glory and oddity and light.

Sally Murphy is hosting Poetry Friday today.

Tuesday, February 6, 2018


I remember her in second grade.
Long straight brown hair.
Bangs cut straight across the forehead.
A quiet presence in the after school snacks.
I would smile and say hello to her every day.
She grinned but never said anything.
Until February,
when she finally said, in broken English,
"I want that."
She wanted chocolate milk, not white, or strawberry,
but didn't have the English to ask for it.
And for the next three months we practiced,
"I want chocolate milk please,"
every single day.

And now she's in seventh grade.
A bilingual social butterfly.
A mover and shaker on the playground,
a handful in reading class.
The first week, she told me she hates reading,
"You can't make me like it, Miss. It's boring."
And she wiggled,
and giggled,
and tapped,
and smacked her gum,
was just generally annoying,
and sometimes more than a little disrespectful.

We fought.
I talked to her.
Talked to her mom.
Made her sit still in reading class.
Handed her picture books and graphic novels.
Day after day after day.

She still reminded me that reading was boring,
at least once or twice  a week.
But she stayed in one place,
didn't poke or tap or wiggle
or bug the people around her
So I was a little ok.

This month's book order came.
We have a philanthropy, Book Trust,
that allows all of the kids to order a $7 book, for free.
There were no graphic novels that she hadn't read,
so she asked me to help her pick a book.
Not too long.
Topics I thought she might find interesting.
Foster care. Teen dads.
The book came today.
She told me she didn't think she could read it.
I told her that I read it last summer and loved it.
And that maybe she could just try it.

She did.

And read for thirty minutes straight.
Several times she stopped to talk to me about the book.
Once she read a line and asked if I thought it was a simile or metaphor.
But mostly she read.
When our time was up,
she didn't remind me that reading was boring.
Like she regularly does.
Instead, she said, "Miss, I like that book."
And I just smiled.
I still have three more months to grow this reader.

Sunday, January 28, 2018

PRISONER B-3087 by Alan Gratz

I'm not sure how I missed Alan Gratz's work before, but I have definitely fallen in love with his books this year. Yesterday I read PRISONER B-3087,  a historical fiction novel based on the true story of Jack Gruener. Yanek Gruener was a Jewish boy, living in Krakow, Poland, when it was taken over by the Germans in 1939.

Listen to how the book begins:
If I had known what the next six years of my life were going to look like, I would have eaten more.  
I wouldn't have complained about brushing my teeth, or taking a bath, or going to bed at 8 o'clock every night. I would have hugged my parents and told them that I loved them.  
But I was ten years old, and I had no idea of the nightmare that was to come. None of us did. 
In the beginning, Yanek and his parents survive by hiding in a pigeon coop on top of their apartment, but ultimately, Yanek's parents are captured, and then he is. Yanek spends time in ten different camps, survives beatings, numerous trips in cattle cars,  and two extended marches. Somehow he maintains the will to live.

I loved this story, and read it one sitting. It's an intense read, though, and  I'd definitely read it myself before recommending it to kids. Kids younger than middle school may or may not be ready for the content.

Saturday, January 27, 2018

THE YOUNGEST MARCHER by Cynthia Levinson

I'm struck, regularly, by the number of important things I really should know more about.

The Children's March is one of them. The March, was planned by Reverend James Bevel, Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth, and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., for 1963. The trio had originally asked adults to protest segregation laws in Birmingham, Alabama. Their goal was to make the jails so full that police would have to stop arresting people. Adults didn't want to participate in the protest for fear of losing their jobs, or being evicted from their homes, or beaten by police. Bevel, Shuttlesworth, and King finally decided that instead of using adults, they would have children march and fill the jails.

THE YOUNGEST MARCHER is the story of Audrey Faye Hendricks, who put on a "fresh pressed pinafore and shiny Mary Janes with turned-down socks" and joined the march for freedom. She was arrested and spent an entire week in juvenile hall, eating oily, soupy grits and slipping on a cot with one thin sheet for a cover.

After 5 days, the jails were full of children, and the march had achieved it's desired results. "Watching television in the dayroom, Audrey saw black people stroll straight into stores and restaurants like they belonged there. And two months later, the City of Birmingham "wiped segregation laws clean off the books."

An important story of advocacy for readers of all ages.